Sunday 18 April 2021
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Maintenance Imperative: As Billions Of People Rely On Pit Toilets

Maintenance Imperative: As Billions Of People Rely On Pit Toilets


One of the oldest forms of sanitation for human waste, pit toilets at their basest form are exactly as their name suggests; a pit used as a toilet.

Whilst the contemporary image portrayed of a toilet might be a shiny white cistern toilet linked to indoor plumbing, a recent study undertaken by Professor Jay Graham of George Washington University and Matthew Polizzatto of North Carolina State University estimated that 1.77 billion people rely on pit toilets worldwide.

In many areas lacking adequate infrastructure, a well-designed and maintained pit toilet can offer an alternative and solution to no sanitation.

One cannot simply just dig a hole however, there are many considerations from structural concerns like the placement of the pit toilet and efficient design to prevent leakage into the groundwater table to cosmetic concerns like ensuring there is no smell. Professor Graham and Polizzatto’s study also found that over 2 billion people rely on groundwater as their primary water source, making the proper design and maintenance of pit toilets imperative.

As of 2015, in South Africa 10 419 schools used pit toilets while another census revealed that 11.5 percent of Gauteng’s households used pit toilets and 27.1 percent of South African households used pit toilets. When maintaining a pit toilet, why struggle with harsh traditional chemicals which harm the environment and smell horrible? Cultivated from South African soils, Safeguard Pit Toilet Powder takes Mother Nature’s perfected process of cleaning waste and add a scientific edge.

Made up of a blend of beneficial bacteria, Safeguard Pit Toilet Powder is created from local soils to give them a “home ground” advantage; this makes them metabolise faster, reproduce quicker and survive longer. The pit toilet powder works with the same intelligence of bacteria in a stomach. They determine what type of organic waste they must bio-remediate then selectively produce the right combination of enzymes to effectively biodegrade the waste. Environmentally friendly and EDTA-free, the only by-product when the pit toilet powder has effectively neutralised the waste is water and carbon dioxide.

The extremely potent bacteria can produce unlimited combinations of the correct enzymes, rapidly reducing waste such as NH3, Nitrite, Nitrate, Phosphate, COD and BOD, liquefying solids and reducing the leaching of the pit toilet water into the groundwater. The pit toilet powder also reduces foul odours, prolongs the pit toilets’ lifespan and is suitable for use in all types of pit toilets.

When applying the initial dose of Safeguard Pit Toilet Powder, mix two 50g doses of the Pit Toilet Powder into five litres of warm water and add to the pit toilet, adding extra water if necessary to cover any dry waste. After this, simply add one 50g dose every week but avoid adding any chemicals, detergents or biocides to the pit toilet as this will prevent the bacteria from working properly.

Do not add any foreign objects like plastics as they cannot biodegrade, and mild detergents can be used in limited amounts to clean the above ground cistern toilets. Never throw harsh acids or bases into the pit toilet as this will kill the bacteria and enzymes in the Safeguard Pit Toilet Powder.